Situation in Tigray, Amhara, & Afar (per 31 August)
- Reuters says airstrikes hit the regional capital of Tigray, Mekelle, late on Tuesday.
- A doctor from Ayder hospital told Reuters that he heard three explosions Tuesday night.
- The chief executive of Ayder Referral Hospital, Dr Kibrom Gebreselassie, said on Twitter that an area near the Mekelle General Hospital was bombed by a drone attack around midnight.
- He said casualties were arriving at Ayder hospital and that the extent of the damage and casualties was not clear.
- The Tigray spokesman Getachew Reda accused the Ethiopian government of deliberately targeting Mekelle Hospital.
- TDF Chief Gen. Tadesse Worede stated on Tigrai TV that Ethiopian and Eritrean troops have shelled Adiabo and other places in northwestern Tigray.
- The Ethiopian government said that the TDF has launched an offensive towards “Wag, Wolkait and our border areas with Sudan”. These areas are in Western Tigray, which the Ethiopian government occupied since the start of the conflict.
- Western Tigray has been claimed by both Tigray and Amhara. Prof. Jan Nyssen of the University of Ghent has made a compilation of the region’s history.
- The town of Lalibela, a UNESCO World Heritage site, has issued a curfew and restrictions on movement. The town in the Amhara region was fought over earlier in the war, with control switching sides several times.
- Debre Birhan, Kombolcha, and Sekota, all in Amhara, have also announced curfews.
- The Ethiopian government is accused of using Ethiopian Airlines to transport soldiers and weapons to Northern Ethiopia towns such as Dessie (Amhara region), Semera (Afar region) and Lalibela (Amhara).
Situation in Ethiopia (per 31 August)
- The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission says that it is worried about the “renewal” of fighting. It calls for a ceasefire, and urges parties to “uphold their obligations to preserve the lives, security, physical and moral integrity, and dignity of all civilians affected by armed conflict.”
- The EHRC also calls on the UN, AU, and the wider international community to facilitate dialogue.
- The Assistant Federal Police Commissioner Berhanu Abebe announced that 111 media outlets have been charged with “working to make Ethiopia a center of violence” during the last Ethiopian fiscal year. The charged media outlets were not recognised by the Ethiopian Media Authority and thus are considered illegal.
- A Human Rights Watch (HRW) report states that the Ethiopian government did little to prevent the killings of civilians in Western Oromia in June 2022.
- HRW says several hundreds of Amhara civilians in Western Oromia were killed by an armed group in June 2022 despite government forces being stationed in nearby areas.
- According to the HRW report about 400 Amhara civilians, including women and children, were shot and killed by armed militants on 18 June 2022 in villages in Tole and Sene kebeles.
- The NGO iMMAP has released an overview report on gender-based violence in Ethiopia. It looks at data from January 2021 to February 2022.
- It found that since the start of the conflict in Tigray in November 2020, over 1.300 documented rapes have taken place, with potentially many more going unreported. It adds that “gang rape, mass rape, and psychological abuse during rape were reported in recent years in relation to conflict.“
- Damage to health facilities and looting in the regions of Tigray, Amhara and Afar have hindered the provision of care for the victims of conflict-related gender-based violence and has worsened the conditions for survivors, states the report.
- The OLA claims that it has overrun an Ethiopian military camp Arjo-Didhessa in Oromia.
- The Foreign Affairs head of the Tigrayan opposition party Salsay Woyane Tigray, Hailu Kebede, has been arrested in Addis Ababa.
- There have been reports that the Ethiopian government has increased the arrests and detentions of ethnic Tigrayans in Addis Ababa.
Regional Situation (per 31 August)
- Sudan has summoned the Ethiopian ambassador over statements he has made regarding the plane Ethiopia allegedly shot down on 24 August 2022. The Ethiopian ambassador said the Sudanese plane was loaded with weapons for Tigray. Sudan says that the accusations are unfounded.
International Situation (per 31 August)
- An Eritrean festival in Oslo, Norway, which was supposed to take place on Saturday 3 September, has reportedly been cancelled.
Links of interest
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