Fresh evidence of Chinese drones for Ethiopia

Source: Gerjons Aircraft Finds

A second Wing Loong delivery flight to Ethiopia?

An “Abakan Air” Il-76 flying for “Aviacon Zitotrans” from Chengdu, China, to Harar Meda Airport, Ethiopia, via Karachi, Pakistan.

On 12 October 2021, I identified an “Abakan Air” Ilyushin Il-76TD landing at Harar Meda Airport in Ethiopia. This article presents why this flight likely delivered goods from Chengdu, China, possibly Wing Loong I UAVs, to the main base of the Ethiopian Air Force.

The precedent

On 17 Sep 2021, I reported the arrival of an “Antonov Airlines” Antonov An-124 reg. UR-82029 to Harar Meda Military Airport in Ethiopia. The flight arrived from Chengdu, China, and made an overnight stop in Islamabad, Pakistan. According to Oryxspioenkop1, this flight could be related to the arrival of Wing Loong I UAVs, since Chengdu is where the Wing Loong I is produced.

The new flight: “Abakan Air” RA-76807

A very similar flight caught my eye on 12 Oct 2021, when an “Abakan Air”2 Ilyushin Il-76TD (reg. RA-76807, serial 1013405176) was tracked descending over Central Ethiopia, using “Aviacon Zitotrans” callsign AZS3901. Both are Russian cargo airlines.

Similar analysis techniques3 previously used to distinguish MLAT flights to Addis Ababa Bole International Airport and the nearby Harar Meda Military Airport, I was able to establish that this flight most likely landed at Harar Meda Military Airport.

Despite MLAT being a major limiting factor, I was able to establish that the Il-76 was tracked landing around Chengdu, China, around 05:50 UTC on the previous day, 11 Oct 2021, thanks to positionless Mode-S data. Her exact take-off time on that day remains unknown.

Like the earlier “Antonov Airlines” flight, also the “Abakan Air” made an overnight stop in Pakistan (11-12 Oct 2021): the aircraft was spotted by various people on ground at Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, Pakistan, including the picture shown below.

Positionless Mode-S data shows that flight AZS3901 took off from Karachi, Pakistan, on 12 Oct 2021 around 05:30 UTC. About five hours later, she was tracked by a receiver in central Ethiopia, which tracked her descent to Harar Meda Airport around 10:45 UTC. The aircraft remained on ground for about two hours, when she left Ethiopia, possibly to Djibouti4.

Big thanks to the various people that helped me gather details on this flight. Without their help, making this blog post would not have been possible.




Twitter avatar for @Gerjon_Gerjon | חריון @Gerjon_

The “Fly Sky Airlines” Il-76TD flights from the 🇦🇪UAE to 🇪🇹Ethiopia continue: today, unknown hex 🇰🇬#6010DB and 🇺🇦UR-FSA likely flew to 🇪🇹Harar Meda Military Airport (main Ethiopian Air Force base). 6010DB continued to 🇪🇹Addis Ababa Bole. Both then returned to the 🇦🇪UAE.


Gerjon | חריון @Gerjon_

⚠️My analysis of Mode-S data of a receiver in the vicinity of 🇪🇹Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, shows that: “Fly Sky Airlines” Il-76s regs. 🇺🇦UR-FSC and 🇰🇬EX-76003 from 🇦🇪UAE both most likely visited 🇪🇹Harar Meda Military Airport in Ethiopia today. FSC visited Bole before returning.


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