Statement on Afar Unity Congress in Uppsala, Sweden

ERITREAN AFAR NATIONAL CONGRESS

المؤتمر الوطني لعفر ارتريا

Restoring the Self Determination of the Eritrean Afar Nation

Eretriyah Qafar Isim Isih Madqittaamih Cakki Daabisenno

Eritrean Afar National Congress (EANC) is an exiled Afar political organization dedicated to self-determination and self-rule of Eritrean Afar people in their coastal homeland of Dankalia, Eritrea, where the indigenous Afar are subjected to marginalization, persecution and ethnic cleansing at the hands of the current Eritrean government.

EANC is the voice of the Eritrean Afar people. EANC draws its mandate from the political and traditional Afar leaders, the leadership of Afar women and youth groups, the Eritrean  Afar Diaspora and Eritrean-Afar refugees.

Statement on Afar Unity Congress in Uppsala, Sweden, June 30-July 1 –  2018 July 5, 2018

Over 200 delegates from Afar and other Eritrean opposition groups gathered in Uppsala, Sweden to create a new, unified Eritrean Afar opposition organization, the Eritrean Afar National Congress (EANC).

Delegates elected Mr. Ahmed Youssouf Mohamed President of EANC, Mr. Abdurhman Ahmed Mahmud Vice-President, 35 members to its Legislative Council and 15 members to its Executive Committee.

Citing United Nations findings, EANC condemned the Eritrean government’s ongoing crimes against humanity against the Afar people, ethnic cleansing of indigenous Afar people from their traditional lands, uncompensated expropriations and exploitations of Afar traditional resources, and other widespread human rights violations against Afar people by Eritrea and Eritrean officials.

EANC was mandated to lead Eritrean Afar struggle for internal self-determination and self-rule in Dankalia, Eritrea and work towards establishing a liberal democratic regime that respects the rule of law, democracy, human rights and equality of all Eritrean nationalities while safeguarding Eritrea’s sovereignty and integrity.

(See the EANC Uppsala Declaration below for more details.)

EANC delegates pledged their support for normalization of relations between Ethiopia and Eritrea, for resolving border conflicts, for peaceful co-existence of nations and nationalities in the region and for economic collaboration and socio-economic integration of the Ethiopia/Eritrea/Djibouti triangle in the Horn of Africa.

The Unity Congress noted that Ethiopia is not now involved in crimes against humanity or ethnic cleansing in Eritrea, but expressed concern that Ethiopia’s use of traditional Eritrean Afar lands and resources without Eritrean Afar consent could raise issues about after the fact complicity.

EANC called on Dr. Abiy Ahmed, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, to consult with EANC and Afar leadership over ways and means to respect Afar rights in accordance with international law concerning the use of Afar indigenous territories including the strategic port of Assab.


ERITREAN AFAR NATIONAL CONGRESS

ERITRIYAH QAFARIH AGATIH KOBOXU

المؤتمر†الوطني†لعفر†ارتريا

Restoring the Self Determination of the Eritrean Afar Nation

Eretriyah Qafar Isim Isih Madqittaamih Cakki Daabisenno

UPPSALA DECLARATION

JULY 1st 2018

 

Resolution of the Eritrean Afar National Congress (EANC)

WE, the Indigenous Afar People of Eritrea, including Afar Elders, women, refugees, youth, Afar political and civic entities, and their senior representative organization, the Eritrean Afar National Congress (EANC), assembled together in Congress at the City of Uppsala, Sweden, declare to the World the solemn will of the Eritrean Afar People as follows:

WHEREAS, the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea has found that the Government of Eritrea and Eritrean officials have engaged in an “intentional act to dispossess [Indigenous Afar People] of their ancestral lands, their livelihood and their culture” through violent means that include disappearances, rapes, murders and mass murders since 1991 until today: i

AND WHEREAS, both the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea and the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in Eritrea have confirmed that the actions of the Eritrean Government and Eritrean officials against Indigenous Afar People constitute the crime of persecution, a crime against humanity;ii

AND WHEREAS the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognizes that Indigenous Peoples have the right to self-determination and that in exercising their right to self-determination, Indigenous Peoples have the right to autonomy or self-government in matters relating to their internal and local affairs;iii

AND WHEREAS the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples recognizes that Indigenous individuals have the rights to life, security of the person, to live in freedom, peace, and security as distinct peoples, to not be subjected to any act of genocide or any other act of violence, to not be subjected to forced assimilation or destruction of their culture, and to not be forcibly removed from their lands or territories;iv

AND WHEREAS all member states of the United Nations have a responsibility to protect vulnerable populations from crimes against humanity;v

AND WHEREAS Eritrea is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multilingual nation;

NOW, THEREFORE, THE ERITREAN AFAR NATIONAL CONGRESS AND ITS DELEGATES:

CONDEMN the persecution and crimes against humanity committed against Afar People by the Government of Eritrea and Eritrean officials;

CONDEMN the Murder, Torture, Rape, Disappearances, Expulsions, Forcible Confinements committed against Afar People by the Government of Eritrea and Eritrean officials;

CONDEMN the destruction of Afar identity, culture, economy and way of life intentionally committed against Afar People by the Government of Eritrea and Eritrean officials;

CONDEMN the uncompensated land expropriations and exploitation of resources in the traditional territory of the Afar people committed by the Government of Eritrea and Eritrean officials;

CALL UPON all States and in particular, the neighboring governments of Ethiopia and Djibouti to take appropriate measures to protect Afar refugees of Eritrea from ongoing crimes against humanity perpetrated by the Eritrean government;

RESOLVE that Afar People of Eritrea are entitled to autonomy and self-government within their traditional territories; and

RESOLVE to continue to monitor the situation of Afar People in Eritrea and to offer support consistent with the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights;

WE NOW DECLARE that it is the solemn will of the Eritrean Afar People to participate in a democratic and transitional process for the democratization of Eritrea on the basis of these following principles:

  1. The rule of law;
  2. Democracy;
  3. The equality of each nationality;
  4. That each nationality shall exercise the rights of self-government and self-determination in a federation comprised of autonomous regions;
  5. That Afar people and each nationality, through the governments that they freely elect, shall have the right to own and control their lands and resources including surface and sub-surface resources, sea coasts, fisheries and airspace and shall enjoy the profits therefrom under conditions established by law;
  6. The rights of freedom of religion, conscience, political opinion, expression, assembly, equality, mobility, association, and liberty shall be guaranteed;
  7. The people of all nationalities shall be secure in their persons, shall be free from arbitrary search, seizure, arrest, detention and charge;
  8. No conviction shall occur except by due process of law;
  9. The judicial branch shall be independent and secure in its tenure;
  10. Each nationality shall, through the governments that they freely elect, have the right to protect and preserve the vitality of their language, culture, way of life and economy;
  11. The rights of indigenous peoples and minorities shall be guaranteed and protected;
  12. Afar customary law shall continue to govern in the private law domain until modified or replaced by competent Afar governmental authority;
  13. Afar refugees and the refugees of all nationalities of Eritrea who have fled Eritrea shall have the right of return to their homes and properties in Eritrea, the right to be compensated for the persecution and for the other losses that they have suffered and to have Eritrean citizenship;
  14. All Afar People shall have the right of return to their ancestral homeland in Dankalia; and
  15. Dankalia shall have its borders restored to the traditional borders which the Afar People enjoyed in 1991.

We, by our names, signatures, and marks as set out below, pledge our commitment and resolve to these solemn principles.

ERITREAN AFAR NATIONAL CONGRESS

ERITRIYAH QAFARIH AGATIH KOBOXU

المؤتمر الوطني لعفر ارتريا


Restoring the Self Determination of the Eritrean Afar Nation

Eretriyah Qafar Isim Isih Madqittaamih Cakki Daabisenno

Eritrean Afar National Congress

P.O. Box 78046 Meriline

Ottawa, ON K2E 1B1- Canada

info@dankalia.org

www.dankalia.org

Office 613-627 3273

Eritrean Afar National Congress (EANC) is an exiled Afar political organization dedicated to self-determination and self-rule of Eritrean Afar

people in their coastal homeland of Dankalia, Eritrea, where the indigenous Afar are subjected to marginalization, persecution and ethnic

cleansing at the hands of the current Eritrean government. EANC is the voice of the Eritrean Afar people. EANC draws its mandate from the

political and traditional Afar leaders, the leadership of Afar women and youth groups, the Eritrea n Afar Diaspora and Eritrean-Afar refugees.

Media contact: info@dankalia.org Tel: 613-627 3273 or 613-266-0929 www.dankalia.org The Uppsala Declaration: http://dankalia.org/uppsala-declaration-july-1-2018/ The political program of the EANC: http://dankalia.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/EANC-Political-Program-JUNE-2018-1.pdf DW Radio interview with EANC Congress: DW Interview EANC Press release June 23, 2018

 

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