Reports of major Eritrean advance into Amhara region to head off Tigray Defence Forces

The reports come from Eritrean and Tigrayan sources.

The first report came from the Eritrean opposition. It suggested that at least four Eritrean divisions had advanced from the strategic Ethiopian town of Humera, towards the Amharan town of Gondar.

The Eritrean divisions are said to include the 16th, 18th, 31st and 57th. Helicopters are reported to have been used in the deployment.

Ethiopia Map: Fighting in Tigray and Amhara regions

Humera is the gateway between Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia, standing at the tripoint where the borders meet. It was the scene of heavy fighting and ethnic massacres at the start of the Tigray war in November 2020.

Tigrayan sources confirm that the Tigray Defence Forces are now confronting Eritrean troops near Dabat – which has seen much fighting in recent weeks.

Ethiopia Map: Fighting near Dabat

These reports need to be confirmed, but they suggest a major development in the Tigray war.


When the war began on 4 November 2020 the Eritrean army advanced into Ethiopia taking large areas of northern Tigray. The Eritreans also took western Tigray, cutting access to Sudan. This left Tigray reliant on supply lines that run through Amhara or the Afar region. It gave Prime Minister Abiy a stranglehold over Tigray, since he controlled their access to food and other supplies.

When the Tigrayans fought back in June 2021, re-capturing their capital, Mekelle, the Eritreans army retreated northwards. Ethiopian forces and their Amhara allies retreated southwards.

As they did so the Ethiopians blew up bridges on the Tekeze river – bridges the Tigrayans have worked hard to repair. Some of these routes are now open and can be used by the UN to bring badly needed aid into Tigray.

But the level of aid reaching Tigray is nowhere near what the region requires to keep feeding its people.

The Ethiopian military and bureaucratic problems have meant that only a fraction of the aid that Tigray needs has reached the region.

As the United Nations OCHA warned on 3 September: “Food stocks ran out on 20 August. A minimum of 100 trucks of food, non-food items and fuel are required daily to sustain an adequate response. Since 12 July, only 335 trucks have entered Tigray – about 9% of the required 3,900 trucks.”

Facing the starvation of their people, the Tigrayans advanced southwards and eastwards, saying their aim is to try to force the Ethiopians into negotiations.

This is from a statement released by Tigrayans on 6 September:

“The TDF’s advance into the Afar and Amhara regions is not intended to annex territories or bring about regime change but to force the regime to sit down for negotiation by denying it the opportunity to regroup and invade Tigray again. It is this point that Meaza alluded to in the short time given to her when she said “the TDF is in the Amhara and Afar regions to find a political solution”. Not only does it make perfect sense, but it also couldn’t have been stated in a better way.”

If the Eritrean deployment from Humera to the front near Gondar is confirmed it would suggest that Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is not confident that he can hold the TDF forces on his own and has had to turn to President Isaias Afwerki to bring in Eritrean reinforcements to protect the area around Gondar.

But if Tigray cannot force Prime Minister Abiy to open serious negotiations, or open a route to Sudan the fate of the people of Tigray could be grim indeed. Reports of starvation are already beginning to emerge: they are likely to increase in the coming weeks.

“Alarming new data has today confirmed the magnitude of the hunger emergency gripping Tigray,” David Beasley, the executive director of the World Food Program, the anti-hunger agency of the United Nations, said in a statement. 

Mark Lowcock, the former senior humanitarian emergency official at the United Nations, told a webcast meeting of aid officials and diplomats that the number of people affected by the famine was “higher than anywhere in the world” and was the worst in any country since a 2011 famine gripped neighboring Somalia.



  1. Tigray is in trouble because they sent their sons to invade Amhara. They could have stayed home and farmed, helping their women and children.

  2. An outlaw regime of Issayas Afuwerki continues to create havoc to the region unchallenged. The people of Tigray, TDF and its duly elected leadership of TPLF need to rethink its strategy of extending its resources needlessly and exposing 5 million Tigrayans to famine. Enough! Come up with a strategy with the prime purpose of saving this 5 millions noble citizens of Tigray as an emergency. Consider joining Eritrean opposition to remove the dictator and make peace with Eritrea and have access to Massawa as in the pre-Badme war of 1998. You are killing two birds with one stone. Eliminate an evil and a vindictive dictator sworn enemy of the people of Tigray and Eritrea and solve the natural access of badly needed help to the 5 million Tigrayans. No you would kill three birds with one stone – you would have an Abiy government collapse in no time saving yourself extending the resources endless of Tigray to so many fronts over endless terrain of Ethiopia.

  3. To the planners of this TDF strategy of conquest of territories to weaken Blxgna and Abiy/Issayas, you may consider re purpose your resources of one or two of the six fronts you have in Ethiopia, ship them north to remove the dictator by forming alliance with the Eritrean opposition. You may be surprised to find out the north strategy would achieve better and faster result and may even preempt the south strategy. Abiy can’t survive a day without his mentor and partner in crime – Issayas Afuwerki.

  4. What did you expect to happen when tdf are on camera singing that they’ll march on Asmara next…while you talk about “Eritreans and tigrayans need to talk about tdf’s coming invasion of Eritrea and if Eritreans will join them. This is the end result.

  5. To my Eritrean compatriots in the opposition who fear of Tigryan ambitions on Eritrea, remember no Idi Amin of Uganda or Pol Pot of Cambodia would have been removed from power if suspicions and fears reigned in and indeed, in numerous countries of first and second world wars across regions of the world would not have survived to enjoy enduring peace if evil had not been removed by alliances.

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